Knowledgebase : Hosting Glossary
Web hosting that supports .NET, an application framework by Microsoft. We DO NOT offer this!!
Web hosting designed specifically for the online adult industry. Most adult web hosts have enhanced security and large capacity for high volume adult sites. We allow adult sites. They must be legal in the United States of America. We recommend reading o...
An option in FTP that allows users to download files without having to establish and account. We DO NOT offer this!!
An open source web server software.
An applet is an embedded program on a web site. Applets are usually written in the coding language called Java. They are mainly used for creating a virtual or 3-dimensional object that may move or interact with the web site.
This is the de facto world-wide standard for the code numbers used by computers to represent all the upper and lower-case Latin letters, numbers, punctuation, etc. There are 128 standard ASCII codes each of which can be represented by a 7 digit binary num...
Web hosting that supports Active Server Pages, a server-side scripting environment from Microsoft. We DO NOT offer this!!
The process of providing audio content on a web site. This takes up a nice amount of bandwidth, especially if you get a lot of visitors at your site. Some hosts do not allow audio or video streaming because of this. If you are going to want audio on your ...
A program that sends an automatic form response to incoming emails.
The main line of a series of connections within a network.
How much data can be transmitted in a time period over a communications channel, often expressed in kilobits per second (kbps).
The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is an interautonomous system routing protocol. An autonomous system is a network or group of networks under a common administration and with common routing policies. BGP is used to exchange routing information for the Int...
A Client program (software) that is used to look at various kinds of Internet resources.
A hosting option that allows sites to use the available network capacity to handle periods of peak usage.
Web hosting geared towards the mission-critical functions demanded by business-class customers.
A set of Bits that represent a single character. Usually there are 8 Bits in a Byte, sometimes more, depending on how the measurement is being made.
An issuer of Security Certificates used in SSL connections.
(Common Gateway Interface) A CGI is a program that tanslates data from a web server and then displays that data on a web page or in an email. Many people use CGI's for guestbooks and email forms. Some hosts have pre-made CGI scripts that are ready to use ...
The most common name of a directory on a web server in which CGI programs are stored. The “bin” part of “cgi-bin” is a shorthand version of “binary”, because once upon a time, most programs were refered to as “binaries”. In real life, most programs found ...
A software program that is used to contact and obtain data from a Server software program on another computer, often across a great distance. Each Client program is designed to work with one or more specific kinds of Server programs, and each Server requi...
Web hosting that supports ColdFusion, a web application language introduced by Allaire and currently owned by Macromedia. We DO NOT Offer This!!
When one party houses their web server(s) at another company's location for Internet connectivity.
If you have ever been to a web site like ivillage.com, iwon.com, or amazon.com, you may notice your name on the page in a message like "Welcome Back John!" This is because your browser stored a tiny cookie file that enabled their server to identify you fr...
The total amount of outbound traffic from a website*, typically measured in gigabytes (Gb).
Hosting option whereby the host provides and is responsbile for the equipment, dedicating an entire server to the client's websites.
An IP address dedicated to a single website. Dedicated IP is required for use of an SSL Certificate. SSL Certificates are needed when you intend to securely sell items online. It has been said by SEO (Search Engine Optimization) experts that having a de...
The amount of hard drive space on the server that is available to your websites.
Domain Name System, a distributed directory used to translate between IP addresses and domain names.
A name that uniquely identifies a website.
Providing a nameserver for domains that do have their own hosting yet.
(Digital Subscriber Line) A method for moving data over regular phone lines. A DSL circuit is much faster than a regular phone connection, and the wires coming into the subscriber’s premises are the same (copper) wires used for regular phone service. A DS...
( Electronic Mail) Messages, usually text, sent from one person to another via computer. E-mail can also be sent automatically to a large number of addresses ( Mailing List ).
A hosting plan option that allows a merchant to accept orders online.
Automatically sends email messages from one email address to another email address.
Web hosting plan that allows users to send and store email, may or may not come with hosting for a website.
A very common method of networking computers in a LAN . Ethernet will handle about 10,000,000 bits-per-second and can be used with almost any kind of computer.
Frequently Asked Questions - This is generally a page on most services sites that answer the most common questions.
An Internet tool for finding out if a person has an account with a certain Internet site.
A security system that prohibts unauthorized access to a network.
Web hosting offered without monetary cost. Generally provided in exchange for placing advertisements on your web pages. We DO NOT offer this!!
A set of server add-ons scripts and programs that enable the special functions of Microsoft FrontPage.
A web hosting plan that supports FrontPage, a WYSIWYG (what you see is what you get) website building tool from Microsoft.
File Transfer Protocol, protocol used to transfer files over the Internet.
The technical meaning is a hardware or software set-up that translates between two dissimilar protocols, for example Prodigy has a gateway that translates between its internal, proprietary e-mail format and Internet e-mail format. Another, sloppier meanin...
(Graphic Interchange Format) A common format for image files, especially suitable for images containing large areas of the same color. GIF format files of simple images are often smaller than the same file would be if stored in JPEG format, but GIF format...
Often called a Gig or a GB, Equivalent to 1024 megabytes.
Web hosting with capacity to handle higher-than-average traffic volumes.
As used in reference to the World Wide Web, “hit” means a single request from a web browser for a single item from a web server ; thus in order for a web browser to display a page that contains 3 graphics, 4 “hits” would occur at the server: 1 for the HTM...
The main web page or index page for a web site.
This is the code that web pages are written in. The next time you visit a web site, go to View > Source on your browser to take a look at what the coding of a web site looks like.
(Hyper Text Transport Protocol) This is the protocol for transfering files across the Internet. You see it everytime you type a web site in your browser http://...
Generally, any text that contains links to other documents - words or phrases in the document that can be chosen by a reader and which cause another document to be retrieved and displayed.
Internet Information Services, a web server software from Microsoft.
A company that provides access to the Internet, such as AOL, Prodigy, etc. Allows users to dial up through a modem,
Internet Protocol Address, a number used to uniquely identify a computer or device on an internal network or the Internet.
(Internet Relay Chat) Basically a huge multi-user live chat facility. There are a number of major IRC servers around the world which are linked to each other. Anyone can create a channel and anything that anyone types in a given channel is seen by all oth...
(Integrated Services Digital Network) Basically a way to move more data over existing regular phone lines. ISDN is rapidly becoming available to much of the USA and in most markets it is priced very comparably to standard analog phone circuits. It can pro...
Java is a network-oriented programming language invented by Sun Microsystems that is specifically designed for writing programs that can be safely downloaded to your computer through the Internet and immediately run without fear of viruses or other harm t...
(Joint Photographic Experts Group) JPEG is most commonly mentioned as a format for image files. JPEG format is preferred to the GIF format for photographic images as opposed to line art or simple logo art.
A thousand bytes. Actually, usually 1024 (2^10) bytes.
(Local Area Network) A computer network limited to the immediate area, usually the same building or floor of a building.
A file that records the activity of a web server.
Web hosting that supports Linux, an open source operating system that was derived from Unix. We DO NOT offer this!!
Dividing the load of a single website or service over several web servers.
A program that takes a server's "raw" log file data and summarizes it into easily-understood reports.
The account name used to gain access to a computer system or the act of entering into a computer system.
A million bytes or 1024 kilobytes.
(Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) The standard for attaching non-text files to standard Internet mail messages. Non-text files include graphics, spreadsheets, formatted word-processor documents, sound files, etc. An email program is said to be MIME ...
Generally speaking, “to mirror” is to maintain an exact copy of something. Probably the most common use of the term on the Internet refers to “mirror sites” which are web sites, or FTP sites that maintain exact copies of material originated at another loc...
A web hosting plan option that allows multiple domain names to share the resources of the single hosting account.
Also called a host or a name server. A computer that has both the software and the data needed to resolve domain names to Internet Protocol (IP) numbers. Most name servers have names like NS1.whatever.com.
Any time you connect two or more computers together so that they can share resources, you have a computer network. Connect two or more networks together and you have an internet.
The name for discussion groups on USENET .
A NIC Handle is a unique identifier, which can be up to 10 alpha-numeric characters, assigned to each domain name record, contact record, and network record in Network Solutions' domain name database. NIC handles can save time and ensure accuracy in domai...
Any single computer connected to a network .
Fiber optic connection capable of transfering data at 51.85 Mbps.
Fiber optic connection capable of transfering data at 622.08 Mbps.
Fiber optic connection capable of transfering data at 9.952 Gbps.
Fiber optic connection capable of transfering data at 1.244 Gbps.
Fiber optic connection capable of transfering data at 155.52 Mbps.
Fiber optic connection capable of transfering data at 2.488 Gbps.
The method used to move data around on the Internet . In packet switching, all the data coming out of a machine is broken up into chunks, each chunk has the address of where it came from and where it is going. This enables chunks of data from many differe...
A code used to gain access to a locked system. Good passwords contain letters and non-letters and are not simple combinations such as virtue7 . A good password might be "Hot$1-6"
Web hosting that supports PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor, an open source server-side scripting language.
A (usually small) piece of software that adds features to a larger piece of software. Common examples are plug-ins for the Netscape® browser and web server . Adobe Photoshop® also uses plug-ins.The idea behind plug-in’s is that a small piece of software i...
POP stands for Post Office Protocol. This is a protocol used to retrieve e-mail from a mail server. Most e-mail applications use the POP protocol. The newest and most widely used version of POP email is POP3 email. You will see the term POP3 in most of th...
3 meanings. First and most generally, a place where information goes into or out of a computer, or both. E.g. the serial port on a personal computer is where a modem would be connected. On the Internet port often refers to a number that is part of a URL ,...
Usually used as a marketing term to described a Web site that is or is intended to be the first place people see when using the Web. Typically a "Portal site" has a catalog of web sites, a search engine, or both. A Portal site may also offer email and oth...
A single message entered into a network communications system. E.g. A single message posted to a newsgroup or message board.
The designation of "primary" means that this name server will be used first and will be relied upon before any of the other name servers.
Another name for a server's log files, the line-by-line activity of a server, not the summaries of this activity.
Arrangement whereby a company selling hosting to consumers uses the datacenter and equipment of another company.
The term used to describe the process by which domain names are matched with corresponding Internet Protocol (IP) numbers. "Resolution" is accomplished by a combination of computers and software, which use the data in the Domain Name System to determine w...
The top of the Domain Name System (DNS) hierarchy.
A special-purpose computer (or software package) that handles the connection between 2 or more networks . Routers spend all their time looking at the destination addresses of the packets passing through them and deciding which route to send them on.
In the Domain Name System (DNS), the next lower level of the hierarchy underneath the top level domains. In a domain name, that portion of the domain name that appears immediately to the left of the .com, .net, .org, etc...) For example, the acehosts.com ...
The name server will be used as a backup for the primary name server in the event that the primary server becomes unavailable.
A chunk of information (often stored as a text file) that is used by the SSL protocol to establish a secure connection. Security Certificates contain information about who it belongs to, who it was issued by, a unique serial number or other unique identif...
Commands that can be included in web pages that are processed by the web server when a user requests a file. The command takes the form . A common use for SSI commands is to insert a universal menu into all of the pages of the web site so that the menu on...
A one-time fee paid by a hosting client to at the beginning of a new hosting contract.
Hosting option whereby several client websites are housed on and share the resources of a web server.
An IP address shared by multiple websites.
Software used to make a site's product catalogue available for online ordering, whereby visitors may select, view, add/delete, and purchase merchandise.
A service that regularly checks a site and alerts the administrator in the event of a problem.
Service Level Agreement - A contract between the provider and the user that specifies the level of service that is expected during its term. SLAs are used by vendors and customers, as well as internally by IT shops and their end users. They can specify ba...
(Simple Mail Transport Protocol) -- The main protocol used to send electronic mail on the Internet. Most Internet email is sent and received using SMTP.
(Structured Query Language) A specialized programming language for sending queries to databases. Most industrial-strength and many smaller database applications can be addressed using SQL. Each specific application will have its own version of SQL impleme...
Secured Sockets Layer, a protocol enabling encrypted, authenticated communication over the Internet
A transmission line capable of transfering data at 1.544 Mbps.
A transmission line capable of transfering data at 44.746 Mbps.
(Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) This is the suite of protocols that defines the Internet . Originally designed for the UNIX operating system, TCP/IP software is now available for every major kind of computer operating system. To be truly...
The program used to login from one web site to another.
A device that allows you to send commands to a computer somewhere else. At a minimum, this usually means a keyboard and a display screen and some simple circuitry. Usually you will use terminal software in a personal computer - the software pretends to be...
The next highest level of the hierarchy underneath the second level domains. In a domain name, that portion of the domain name that appears two segments to the left of the top-level domain. For example, the whatever in whatever.ta.us.
The highest level of the hierarchy after the root. That portion of the domain name that appears to the far right such as the com in somehost.com.
Web hosting that supports Unix, an operating system that comes in several proprietary versions.
Unlimited Bandwidth is available on our shared hosting plans.Please view our unlimited policy herehttp://certifiedhosting.com/unlimited
An assurance that a hosting company's uptime will meet an agreed-upon percentage.
(Uniform Resource Locator) - The standard way to give the address of any resource on the Internet that is part of the World Wide Web (WWW).
A world-wide system of discussion groups, with comments passed among hundreds of thousands of machines. Not all USENET machines are on the Internet , maybe half. USENET is completely decentralized, with over 10,000 discussion areas, called newsgroups .
The process of providing video data or content via a web page.
(Virtual Private Network) Usually refers to a network in which some of the parts are connected using the public Internet , but the data sent across the Internet is encrypted, so the entire network is "virtually" private. A typical example would be a compa...
(Wide Area Network) Any internet or network that covers an area larger than a single building or campus.
The business of providing the storage, connectivity, and services necessary to serve files for a website.
A web interface offered by hosting companies so customers can administer their account.
Email that is accessed via a web browser.
A computer that stores web pages and delivers them on request to the web browsers of client computers.
A searchable database maintained by Network Solutions, which contains information about networks, networking organizations, domain names, and the contacts associated with them for the com, org, net, edu, and ISO 3166 country code top-level domains. Also, ...
Web hosting that supports any version of Windows, a family of operating systems by Microsoft.
Frequently used (incorrectly) when referring to "The Internet", WWW has two major meanings - First, loosely used: the whole constellation of resources that can be accessed using Gopher, FTP, HTTP, telnet, USENET, WAIS and some other tools. Second, the uni...
Extensible HyperText Markup Language. XHTML is a family of current and future document types and modules that reproduce, subset, and extend HTML 4 [HTML4]. XHTML family document types are XML based, and ultimately are designed to work in conjunction with ...
Extensible Markup Language - Structured information contains both content (words, pictures, etc.) and some indication of what role that content plays (for example, content in a section heading has a different meaning from content in a footnote, which mean...
Zend Technologies provides web developers and enterprises using PHP, integrated software solutions for developing, protecting and scaling their PHP applications providing a foundation that allows companies to efficiently and effectively develop PHP based ...
A term used to compress a file or group of files to create a smaller file. An excellent method for sending files via the web.
An entry within a DNS. A Zone File contains all information about a single domain including it's Ip address and mail server address.